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Use and operation of arthroscopic surgery
Jul 04, 2018

Arthroscopic surgery is widely used in orthopedic surgery, where hysteroscopy is most commonly used for knees, shoulders, elbows, hips, and ankles. Arthroscopic surgery is performed by photomicrography and related instruments. The instruments are placed at the end of an elongated tube, and then a small skin is cut into the joint and into the joint to investigate the joint arthroscopy and damage. Then, through another small cut into the operating device to correct joint damage and degenerative diseases.

First, the use of arthroscopy

The most widely used arthroscopic surgery is the knee joint meniscus tear application, the removal of the free body, the dislocation of the patella, the reconstruction of the anterior and posterior ligament, the multiple ligament damage caused by dislocation of the knee joint, and the avulsion of the intra-articular ligament. Fixation of the fracture, inflammation or damage of the knee joint synovitis, articular cartilage damage, intra-articular fracture, and some unexplained factors of joint pain. In the meantime, shoulder arthroscopy is suitable for shoulder dislocation, adhesive shoulder inflammation, shoulder impact syndrome, shoulder instability, rotator cuff damage, humeral greater tuberosity fracture, acromioclavicular joint dislocation.

Second, the operation method of arthroscopic surgery

The operation was performed under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia. The patient was in a deep sleep condition and lost pain. The surgeon performed surgery through a small cut around several joints. Inject the joint endoscope's investigation lens and other instruments into the joint. The physician surveys the rest of the joints through the monitor, then trims the damage arrangements and performs a modified reconstruction of the damage arrangements.

Arthroscopic surgery has small wounds and quick recovery after surgery. It is more and more popular among doctors and patients. However, although arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure, there are still some patients who have adverse reactions after surgery, because even small surgery has a wound, and the surgery corrects damage to the ligaments, meniscus, rotator cuffs, etc. Bone tunnel. In addition, arthroscopic surgery requires liquid perfusion to ensure the surgical field of vision, usually using saline, which has an effect on joint synovial arrangement. Due to these questions, the patient may have some adverse reactions after surgery, and the patient has individual differences, which is also a factor in the recovery of postoperative needs.

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