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Artefacts Of The Past And Present
Jul 04, 2018

The development of arthroscopy can be traced back to the vaginal speculum recorded in the ancient Hebrew literature and the rectal mirror found in the ruins of the ancient city of Puibei. Since 1806, the exploration of the bladder device with candle light has been continuously improved until the first modern cystoscope appeared in 1876. After the use of incandescent lamps as a light source in 1880, the cystoscope began to flourish, and the arthroscopy, originally called "arthroscopy" or "joint cavity detector", naturally developed!

Japan is in the forefront of arthroscopy in the art of arthroscopy. Professor Kenji Takagi first used cystoscopy to check the knee joint in 1918. After that he continued to summarize and innovate and created a 3.5mm arthroscope in 1931. This is true. The prototype of arthroscopy. After World War II, his students invented a 21# arthroscope, making it possible to perform surgery under arthroscopy.

In 1955, Watanabe (Watana Masahiro, Japan) underwent arthroscopic resection of the giant cell tumor of the synovial membrane and completed the first arthroscopic meniscectomy in 1962. He was hailed as the father of modern arthroscopy. ". The level of arthroscopy was rapidly improved in the mid-1970s. Today, the concept of arthroscopic technology has undergone fundamental changes. Arthroscopy has long been more than just an auxiliary method of joint examination, but the main treatment in the field of joint surgery and sports medicine.

Arthroscopic surgery and arthroscopically assisted incision surgery have not only been successfully used in the diagnosis and treatment of most knee injuries, but also in the application of joint and extra-articular diseases such as shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip and ankle. Treatment, the scope of surgery continues to expand. In modern orthopedics, arthroscopic surgery has become an indispensable daily procedure. And gradually specialized, resulting in a large number of professional "arthroscopy doctors."

In the past few decades, the rapid development of arthroscopic technology has revolutionized the orthopedic profession. Its advantages of minimally invasiveness have become an important milestone in the development of orthopedics in the 20th century. Arthroscopic techniques have been widely accepted, fully reflecting the development trend of modern surgical minimally invasive.

It was not until the early 1980s that arthroscopic techniques were introduced to China. In the 1990s, China began to introduce advanced high-precision, high-definition arthroscopy monitoring equipment and advanced surgical instruments in Europe and the United States, and exchanges with foreign countries are increasingly close. In the first 10 years of the 21st century, China's arthroscopic techniques and equipment have developed like a jump, achieving synchronization with the international. At the same time, the development of the arthroscopy industry in China does not depend entirely on advanced equipment. We have carried out a series of development and improvement in technology and function, and created a large number of operating specifications and instruments suitable for Chinese people. In 2008, China completed more than 95,000 cases of arthroscopic surgery, and completed more than 240,000 cases by the end of 2012, with an average annual growth rate of 26%. In 2008, a total of 790 hospitals in China had arthroscopic system facilities for arthroscopic surgery. These hospitals were mainly concentrated in the top three hospitals. By 2012, there were 2,640 hospitals in China with arthroscopic system facilities that could perform arthroscopic surgery. The annual growth rate is 35%, covering almost all tertiary hospitals and about 30% of the dimethyl hospitals. It is conservatively estimated that there have been more than one million cases of arthroscopic surgery in China, and more than half of the dimethyl hospitals have owned and performed arthroscopic surgery.


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